In Mayan culture, caves and sinkholes were the entryways to the underworld Xibalba. This “place of fear”, as the name is generally interpreted, was additionally a significant wellspring of freshwater for the Mayan civilization, which dominated the limestone plateau of the Yucatán Peninsula from 2000 BCE to 1600 CE. The northern district of Yucatán is a regular desert, with an articulated winter dry season. The overwhelming summer rainfall tends to in general, dissolve the nearby limestone bedrock, shaping karst caves and underground rivers however leaving a little open door for water to stream over land.
So the Maya couldn’t just find their settlements along significant water streams. Sinkholes, created by the fractional collapse of the underground gives in, were the main characteristic wellspring of freshwater. After some time the bigger sinkholes, otherwise called cenotes, became important sacred spots, where valuable articles and people were sacrificed to the divine gods.
In the Mayan city of Chichén Itzá the Cenote Sagrado (“sacred well” or “well of sacrifice”), which is 200 feet in distance across and encompassed by sheer cliffs that drop to the water table somewhere in the range of 89 feet underneath, was a significant religious site committed to the Maya rain god Chaac. The name Chichén Itzá itself converts into “at the mouth of the well of Itza” and refers to its area near a few cenotes, which gave water to the population.