Rio Tinto river is not just a river on the surface of our planet. The growth of the river has consumed not only mountains and valleys but it is also known to consume entire villages, whose population had to be shifted to the towns nearby. The red river is considered to be the birthplace of the Bronze age and the copper age. This is a very unique river. The Rio Tinto mining area is a land of excavated mountains and geometrical formulations. It is known for its chromatic and mineral wealth. The river flows across the mining area and it has amazing shades of Red, Ochre, violet, orange, and blue. The water of the river is dense because of the metals it contains. The red river is a home to a number of microscopic organisms and it is said to be low in the amount of oxygen.
The area around the river and the river itself looks so different that it is considered similar to the Red Planet. In fact, scientists from NASA have also visited the area to investigate the ecosystem because of the similarities it has with the planet Mars. It is an unusual sight, to see a river with the colors of bright orange and green. The main ones are the ferrous ones. These when coming into contact with the air and color the land as well as the river into the shades of deep reddish brown. The river became extremely dangerous for people after the large-scale excavations by the companies from the United Kingdom in the 19th Century. The Red River has high acidity levels which is why it is considered very dangerous for living beings. This high levels of acid keep people at bay from the river, but it attracts a number of scientists because it helps them understand the nature and the similarities of this area to other planets. The extremophile aerobic bacteria which are present in the water provide the conditions which are similar to the conditions which are found in the other areas of our Solar System. For example, the Jupiter’s moon, Europa, is considered to have an acidic ocean beneath its surface. The bacteria in this river feed on iron and sulfide minerals which is present in the river’s subsurface rocks – which gives an idea that life on Europa might also be possible.