When we talk about the ocean, around 70% of our planet is covered by oceans and it is said that only 5% of that is explored. Which means 65% of water bodies still need to be discovered. The mysteries of the water still needs to be explored. With discovering this 5% of the water bodies there are a number of things, objects and animals found which are unbelievable. Exploring these areas gives us a peek into the history, present and also the future.
Movement Of Tectonic Plates
The Eurasian and North American tectonic plates have been spreading apart as the North American plate moves westward. This can be seen on land as well as underwater. Though the future cannot be predicted according to the researchers the plates are currently moving with the rate of 2.5 centimetres per year.
The Underwater City Of Pavlopetri
This was discovered in the year 1967, this port town can be found off the southern coast of Greece. Ancient pottery was found at the site, which suggested that the town traded goods in the city as well as by the sea. According to researchers, this town is thousands of year older than the other ruins which have been discovered earlier. The town covers about 1,00,000 square meters.
Zhemchug Canyon Bering Sea
It is an underwater canyon. It is so huge that it can only be seen entirely from the space. This Canyon is found in the Bering Sea. Zhemchug is the deepest canyon, it has a volume of 5,800 cubic kilometres. It is possible for the submarines to travel through this deep-sea site. Due to the huge size of the canyon, it can only be seen from the space, if you want to see the whole canyon.
The chimney-like formations occur underwater when the seawater meets Magma. These vents are kind of a type of hot spring which splutter out water and fluids which are 370 degree Celsius and higher than that. These are also called as Black Smokers because of the colour of the deposits of iron sulfides. These black smokers can be a good example of how unpredictable and impressive nature can be.
Ghost Fleet Near Chuuk Lagoon
One of the few things which are too interesting to find in the ocean is Shipwreck. They give a hint about the history. Chuuk lagoon is located in the Caroline Islands of the Pacific Ocean, east of Philippines. Here remains of a number of ships and aircraft were found, which were destroyed during the world war II.